On December 13th, 1937 during the Sino-Japanese war, the Japanese Imperial Army captured and entered the city of Nanjing after months of fierce fighting with the Chinese army following the battle in Shanghai. An estimated 300,000 people were butchered which included 20,000 to 80,000 women who were raped during the first 6-week period of occupation in Nanjing.
This incident remains to date a contentious issue between China and Japan. The Japanese nationalists have refused to acknowledge that the atrocity had taken place. Peace activists who dare to speak up in Japan are silenced with bullying and death threats.
The memorial hall was built in 1985 by the Nanjing provincial government in memory of all the victims who lost their lives during the massacre. The exhibition halls have an immense collection of photographs and objects documenting the atrocities committed by the Japanese Imperial Army.